What Remains Is Ugly
Temporary tattoos may not be as safe as you think, warns the FDA. Temporary tattoos may cause "serious and long-lasting reactions," says the FDA. They've received several reports of problems, including blisters, redness, loss of pigmentation, raised red weeping lesions, permanent scarring and sensitivity to sunlight. Reactions occur immediately, or two to three weeks later. The culprit is black henna, which is used in place of traditional henna. The FDA warns that inks marketed as black henna may be a mix of henna with other ingredients, or coal-tar hair dye containing p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Some tattoo artists applying temporary tattoos may use PPD alone. PPD is known for causing dangerous skin reactions.
Not Only Due to Estrogen Loss
Up to 70 percent of new mothers experience symptoms of depression within the first week after giving birth. While, the symptoms dissipate in most cases, up to 13 percent of women experience clinical level postpartum depression (PPD). Fluctuations in estrogen have been to blame but now new research reveals that, while estrogen levels drop 100 to 1000 fold after giving birth, levels of the enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) increase dramatically throughout the brain. MAO-A is responsible for breaking down neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, and, ultimately, for controlling our moods. By balancing MAO-A, this research “could have an impact on prevention and treatment of postpartum depression in the future", says lead author Julia Sacher.