“Coded” for 45 Minutes
Anthony Yahle, 37, was declared dead after doctors exhausted all efforts to revive him, but came to life when his 17 year old son, upon hearing of the death of his father, yelled, “Dad, you’re not going to die today.” What happened next is a miracle, said Dr. Raja Nazir, Yahle’s cardiologist at Kettering Medical Center, Ohio. Yahle’s heart monitor showed signs of life and slowly the team was able to revive him. He was transferred to Ohio State University Hospital and went home days later with a defibrillator in his chest. Yahle is home resting and is planning to return to work this week. He has no memory of his near-death experience. "He doesn't have one broken rib," said his wife, Melissa, a nurse. "He's not sore. These are things that just clinically don't happen."
Doesn’t Repel Vampires
Planning a romantic Italian dinner for Valentine’s Day but the fear of garlic breath has you rethinking your choice of food? Drink a glass of milk with your meal, say researchers from Ohio State University who found that milk lowered the concentration of odor-emitting compounds from garlic in the nose and mouth. Either fat-free or whole milk will help reduce offending odor, although, due to its higher fat content, whole milk was found to be more effective. Researchers also found that drinking milk after eating a meal laden with garlic will help, although “the garlic cure” is most effective when drunk with the meal. Garlic is a good source of vitamins B6 and C, selenium and magnesium. Sulfur compounds in garlic are responsible for its flavor, odor and bad breath.
Fountain of Youth?
Omega 3 fatty acids may slow a biological effect of aging by preserving telomeres, segments of DNA that are usually lost to aging. The Ohio State U study found that healthy older and middle aged adults who took supplements of Omega 3s for four months exhibited a lengthening of telomeres compared to those who were given placebos. Researchers also found that the group who took Omega 3s had decreases in blood markers that cause inflammation, which researchers believe is responsible for telomere shortening. Previous studies have shown that telomere shortening is associated with heart disease and early mortality. "People who are less healthy than this group, and especially those who experience chronic stress, may gain even more benefits from omega-3 supplementation," say researchers.
Unhappy Babies Grow Up...And Out
According to an analysis of U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development data conducted by Ohio State University researchers, children who had poor emotional relationships with their mothers as toddlers are twice as likely to be obese in their teen years as peers who bonded closely with their mothers early on. The data, representing families across nine states, showed that some 26 percent of the poor-relationship toddlers were obese by age 15, compared to 13 percent of the close-relationship toddlers. Authors of the study speculated that poor toddler-mother bonds might leave the child more vulnerable to stress, and to emotional eating, and that improving those bonds could be effective in reducing childhood obesity. The study appears in the January issue of Pediatrics.
Popular Myth Debunked
Men don’t think about sex all day long, finds an Ohio State U study that will appear in the January issue of the Journal of Sex Research. For the study of 163 females and 120 males, participants carried a golf tally counter for a week to track their thoughts about eating, sex and sleep. Each person tracked one type of thought; 59 tracked thoughts of eating, 61 tracked sleep and 163 tracked thoughts of sex. Participants also answered a survey about sleeping and eating habits as well as their attitudes towards sex. The study found that, regardless of gender, those who are more comfortable with their sexuality, think about sex more often. "There's really no good reason that our society should have believed that men are thinking so much more about sex than women,” say researchers.
A Few Weeks Makes a Difference
A Swedish study suggests that the more premature a baby is, even by a few weeks, the greater the odds of being prescribed an ADHD drug. Searching a database that included over 1,000,000 children 6 to 19 years old found that 7,506 received a prescription for the condition which makes paying attention and impulse control difficult. Kids born between 23 and 28 weeks had the greatest risk of developing ADHD which was two and a half times that of those born full term. Researchers found that 15 out of 1,000 kids born very prematurely got a prescription compared to six out of 1,000 born at 39 to 41 weeks. For kids born at 37 to 38 weeks, seven out of every 1,000 was prescribed medication. Even after all other factors are considered, premature birth was still strongly linked to ADHD.
DNA Repair Inhibited
Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered how inflammation might cause cancer. When there is inflammation, a molecule called microRNA (miR-155) increases and inhibits the expression of genes that make proteins that repair damaged DNA. Several studies have shown that inflammation can lead to cancer. One example is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) increasing the risk of colorectal cancer. Spontaneous DNA damage is always occurring and most of the time repair mechanisms fix the damage but when DNA cannot be repaired the number of mutations increase and ultimately can lead to carcinogenesis. One potential treatment for cancers due to inflammation is to develop inhibitors of miR-155 which has been linked to different types of leukemia, breast, lung and gastric cancers.
Lungs Start of Abnormal Response
Researchers at Ohio State University found that chronic inhalation of pollutants activates toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) which results in white blood cells that normally fight pathogens are sent into circulation and accumulating in fat. They release chemicals such as NADPH oxidase that produce oxygen free radicals, damaging vessels. This abnormal inflammatory response increases the risk problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Trouble initially arises in the pleural fluid lining the lungs in which molecules present change in structure and trigger TLR4 activation. Studies done in TLR4 knockout mice show they have a lower inflammatory response when exposed to pollution. Previous research has suggested a link between air pollution and chronic health problems.
Cheating Without Guilt
Narcissistic college students are more likely to cheat on assignments and exams, and they don't feel guilty about it. Researchers from Ohio State University at Newark and Howard University say that their study results suggest that narcissistic students were motivated to cheat because getting good grades is an opportunity to show off. "Narcissists feel the need to maintain a positive self-image and they will sometimes set aside ethical concerns to get what they want," says Amy Brunell, lead author of the study. She also notes that narcissistic students tend to feel less guilt when they cheat on college work. The study which involved 199 college students is available online in the journal Personality and Individual Differences.
No Need to Offend
You can still get the health benefits of garlic, but without the stinky breath by drinking some milk, suggest researchers from Ohio State University. Garlic is said to have protective powers against cancer and ailments like urinary tract infections and colds, but some people may avoid it due to bad breath. CNN reports that researchers discovered that both fat-free and whole milk reduced the concentration of the chemicals responsible for the strong scent in garlic. Your best bet for avoiding stinky garlic breath is to add milk with garlic before ingesting, say researchers. Whole milk works best. The cure or prevention is effective because of the water and fat content in milk. The findings are published in Journal of Food Science.
Don't Fret over Only Children
Teens without siblings are chosen as friends in high school just as often as their peers with brothers and sisters, find researchers from Ohio State University. "I don't think anyone has to be concerned that if you don't have siblings, you won't learn the social skills you need to get along with other students in high school," says Donna Bobbitt-Zeher, co-author of the study. Researchers found that in every situation they examined, the number or type of siblings (stepsiblings, half-siblings or adopted) a teen had made no difference in their popularity among peers. Researchers say that even kids without siblings still have many opportunities to develop social skills as they go through school.
It's Really in Your Mind
Breaking negative thought patterns could be key to helping people with severe depression. Researchers found that moderate to severely depressed people displayed more improvement when they were taught by therapists to change how they think, rather than how they behave. Daniel Strunk, assistant professor of psychology at Ohio State University and co-author of the study, says that cognitive (thinking) strategies, rather than behavioral approaches, may help patients improve the most during the first critical weeks of therapy. The study was also conducted by Melissa Brotman of the National Institute of Mental Health and Robert DeRubeis of the University of Pennsylvania. Study results are published online in Behaviour Research and Therapy, and will be available later in the print edition.
Scientists have created a drug that kills cancer cells by choking off their sugar supply, causing them to consume themselves in a process called autophagy. The drug, created at Ohio State University and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, is part of a new class of anticancer drugs called energy-restriction mimetic agents and works by preventing cancer cells from metabolizing sugar, their source of energy. The new drug, dubbed OSU-CG12, is based on another used to treat diabetes but that also showed anticancer properties. "Energy restriction may offer a powerful new strategy for treating cancer because it targets a survival mechanism used by many types of cancer," says investigator Ching-Shih Chen who hopes to test the drug on other illnesses including Alzheimer’s and CV disease.