September 23, 2013

It’s murder on the liver

1 Tylenol to Display Acetaminophen Warning

In response to increasing government prodding, and nearly 100 personal injury lawsuits, starting next month Extra Strength Tylenol will display a warning on the bottle cap that it contains acetaminophen, a widely-used but unusually toxic pain reliever that is responsible for as many as 80,000 ER visits and 500 deaths each year, according to the CDC and Food and Drug Administration. The problem is twofold: the amount that can damage the liver is only moderately greater than the amount prescribed for pain, making overdosages easer, and acetaminophen is an ingredient in over 600 products, including such common household items as Niquil, Sudafed and Excedrin. One result of its sheer ubiquity is that it has become the number one cause of sudden liver failure in the U.S.

More at Nydailynews.com | Posted 4 years ago by Robert S. Wieder

Previously: FDA Limits Acetaminophen Dose in Pain Relievers

Tags: Acetaminophen, Acetaminophen and Liver Damage, Tylenol, Acetaminophen Toxicity, Tylenol Dangers, Pain Relievers, Causes of Liver Damage, Pain Medications and Side Effects

Read the Comments (2) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

Warnings Backfire

2 Side Effect Warnings Can Increase Sales

Side effect warnings on drugs could actually increase product sales, suggest researchers who conducted four experiments. If there's a delay from the time the warning is seen and the decision to buy or use the product, consumers are more likely to go for it. However, if the decision is made soon after seeing an ad warning, consumers may buy less of a product. Researchers say the warning about potential side effects becomes more abstract as time passes, and consumers may come to see the warning as a sign of the manufacturer's trustworthiness or honesty! The research was published in Psychological Science.

More at EurekAlert | Posted 4 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: One Bone Loss Drug Treats Side Effects of Another

Tags: Psychological Science, INSEAD, Drug Warning Effectiveness, Side Effect Warnings Backfire, Trusting Drug Companies

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (51%) / No! (49%)

Popcorn Is a Smell Category

3 You Smell 10 Basic Types of Scent

Scents abound, but scientists say that what humans can smell may be organized into 10 basic categories. Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh say that these categories reflect attributes about the world, such as food or danger. Researchers decided on the categories after using a computer technique that helps pare smells down to their most basic essence. After testing 144 scents, the researchers crowned the category winners: fragrant, woody/resinous, fruity (non-citrus), chemical, minty, sweet, popcorn, lemon, pungent and decayed. So, popcorn gets its own category! The research was published in PLoS One.

More at BBC | Posted 4 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Popcorn: As Healthy As Fruits and Veggies?

Tags: PLoS ONE, Popcorn Scent, Basic Smell Categories, Strong Lemon Scent, How We Smell, University of Pittsburgh Research

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (49%) / No! (51%)

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