May 29, 2012

The Unkindest Cut, Long-Term

1 C-Section Birth Doubles Babies' Obesity Risk

A heads-up for expectant mothers: According to research reported in the latest British medical journal Archives of Disease in Childhood, babies delivered by caesarian section stand roughly twice the chance of being obese by the age of three as babies born vaginally. A study of 1,255 mother-child couples found that the obesity rate at that age for vaginal-birth babies was 7.5 percent, compared to 15.7 percent for the c-section babies, who were heavier in general and carried more body fat. Although c-section mothers tended to weigh more, the results held even when mothers' weight, babies' size at birth, and duration of breastfeeding were taken into account. As of 2007, 32 percent of all U.S. births were c-sections, compared to 20.7 percent ten years earlier.

More at Washingtonpost.com | Posted 5 years ago by Robert S. Wieder

Tags: Childhood Obesity, Obese Children, C-Section Birth, Vaginal Birth, Overweight Children, Causes of Childhood Obesity

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (47%) / No! (53%)

Floss and Brush

2 Women's Health Issues Linked to Gum Disease

Gum disease may worsen women’s health issues including bone loss and pre-term births, finds Charlene Krejci, Case Western Reserve U School of Dental Medicine. Krejci found that hormonal changes in the various stages of women’s lives - puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause - allow bacteria in the mouth to grow and enter the bloodstream, exacerbating certain health issues. "Although women tend to take better care of their oral health than men, the main message is women need to be even more vigilant about maintaining healthy teeth and gums to prevent or lessen the severity of some women-specific health issues.” Krejci recommends that women have bi-annual dental exams and visit their dentist more often during pregnancy or if gum disease or bone loss is found.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 5 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Treat Gum Disease for Healthier Pregnancy

Tags: Bleeding Gums, Bone Loss, Gum Disease, Periodontal Disease, Pre-Term Births, Pregnancy, Teeth, Women's Health, Charlene Krejci, Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (54%) / No! (46%)

Control Fevers to Lower Risk

3 Fever During Pregnancy Doubles Risk of Autism

Mothers who had fevers during pregnancy had twice the risk of having a child with autism or developmental delays as those who didn’t have fevers or who controlled them with meds finds research from UC Davis. The study is the first of its kind to study fever and autism spectrum disorder. Results are based on data from Childhood Autism Risk from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) Study. Another study using CHARGE found a link between obesity, diabetes and autism. Researcher Irva Hertz-Picciotto says fever is caused by inflammation and adds, "Since an inflammatory state in the body accompanies obesity and diabetes as well as fever, the natural question is: Could inflammatory factors play a role in autism?" She says that more research is needed to learn how fever affects brain development.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 5 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Autism Risk: Closely Spaced Pregnancies

Tags: Autism, Autism Risk Factors, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Brain Development, Fever, Developmental Delays, Fever During Pregnancy, Fever and Autism, Childhood Autism Risk from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE), Irva Hertz-Picciotto

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (53%) / No! (47%)

Girls Feels Worse After TV

4 White Boys Feel Better After Watching TV

Black girls, white girls and black boys tend to feel worse about themselves after watching television, but white boys feel better, suggests new research from Indiana University. The study, published in Communication Research, involved 400 black and white preadolescent students. Nicole Martins, an assistant professor of telecommunications at Indiana University, explains that white male characters on TV shows tend to have positions of power, as well as "prestigious occupations, high education, glamorous houses, a beautiful wife," but female characters are often "one-dimensional and focused on the success they have because of how they look." She also says that black boys are often criminalized or shown as "hoodlums and buffoons, and without much variety in the kinds of roles they occupy."

More at Eurekalert | Posted 5 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Too Much Toddler TV Leads to Problems Later

Tags: Self Esteem, TV Watching and Children, Communication Research, White Boys Feel Better Watching TV, IU College of Arts and Sciences, Sexualization of Women

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (54%) / No! (46%)

Real Tablets Are Embossed

5 Fake Adderall Sold Online, Warns FDA

A counterfeit version of Adderall 30 milligram tablets is being sold online, warns the FDA. Adderall, made by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, treats attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) and narcolepsy. It's classified as a controlled substance, and should only be dispensed by pharmacists. According to the FDA, authentic Adderall 30 milligram tablets from Teva are "round, orange/peach, and scored tablets with 'dp' embossed on one side and '30' on the other side of the tablet." The tablets are packaged only in a 100-count bottle containing the National Drug Code (NDC) 0555-0768-02. Fake tablets are round and white, and don't have any numbers or letters on them. The FDA says that the fake drugs should be considered ineffective and potentially harmful.

More at FDA | Posted 5 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Parents Can't Find Adderall, Ritalin for ADHD

Tags: Counterfeit Drugs, Counterfeit Adderall, Fake ADHD Drugs, Fake Adderall, Fake Drugs Sold Online, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Adderall 30 Milligram Tablets, National Drug Code, Narcolepsy Treatment

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (54%) / No! (46%)

Estrogen Supports Bad Bacteria

6 Research Shows Why Gender Affects CF Severity

A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown that endogenous estrogen supports the existence of a “mucoid” form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a bacteria that forms a layer of slime on the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and explains why women with it do worse than their male counterparts. People with CF have dysfunctional chloride channels which target the lungs and the gut, resulting in a chronic buildup of mucus that creates an environment for bacteria to grow and leads to infections and inflammation which ultimately damages the lungs. Women on the pill had lower amounts of these bacteria which was likely due to have lower natural estrogen levels. These results may have implications in understanding how sex hormones affect other respiratory diseases.

More at Science Daily | Posted 5 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Human Growth Hormone As a Tool for Cystic Fibrosis

Tags: CF, Cystic Fibrosis, Estrogen, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, The Pill, Respiratory Disease

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

Are Love Handles Toxic?

7 PCBs May Be Making Waistlines Bigger

Results from a study conducted in Uppsala in which blood from over 1,000 70 year-old men and women were analyzed for 23 persistent organic environmental toxins linked elevated levels of PCB189 to a high abdominal fat content. Three hundred underwent magnetic imaging to look at the fat throughout the abdomen. The results of this study are important because previous studies have linked PCB189 to an increased risk of diabetes. Understanding its role in fat storage will require further investigation. If the link is real, researchers want to understand how it increases abdominal fat which raises the risk for other problems. Hypothesis include altering fat metabolism, preventing the breakdown of the stress hormone cortisol or possibly blocking the synthesis of oestrogen.

More at Science Daily | Posted 5 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Study Shows Diabetes Linked to Pollution, Weight Loss Increases Pollutant Levels in Blood

Tags: Abdominal Fat, PCB189, Environmental Pollution and Chronic Diseases, Persistent Organic Environmental Toxins

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

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