May 23, 2011

Rethinking This Modern Disease

1 CT Scanning Reveals Heart Disease in Mummies

An Egyptian princess, ca.1580 BC, is the first known person to have had coronary artery disease as visualized by CT scanning. The princess, who was in her 40s, was most likely active and ate a diet of fruit, vegetables and some meat. Of 52 mummies studied, 20 had arterial calcification; three had blockages. We think of CV disease as modern, due in part to diet and lifestyle. This study shows a genetic inheritance as well as a possible inflammatory response to the frequent parasitic infections common at the time, say researchers. However, "... from what we can tell from this study, humans are predisposed to atherosclerosis, so it behooves us to take the proper measures necessary to delay it as long as we can,” says Dr. Randall C. Thompson, St. Luke’s Mid-Am. Heart Inst.

More at ScienceDaily.com | Posted 6 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Gene for Type O Blood May Reduce Heart Attack Risk

Tags: Atherosclerosis, Computerized Tomography, Coronary Artery Disease, CT Scan, Heart Disease, Mummy, Ancient Egyptians, Blocked Arteries, Bypass Surgery

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (47%) / No! (53%)

Men Benefit Most

2 Cultured People Are Healthier, Happier

Both men and women who visit art galleries, the theater or museums enjoyed life more and had better health compared with people who didn't participate in such cultural activities, claim researchers from Norway. Those who participated in cultural activities were also less likely to be depressed or anxious. Published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, the research involving 50,797 adults reveals that the positive effect of cultural activities was most pronounced in men who liked to watch cultural events (visiting museums, etc.) rather than actively participating in a cultural activity like painting or playing an instrument. "The results indicate that the use of cultural activities in health promotion and healthcare may be justified," write the study authors.

More at Eurekalert | Posted 6 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Cultured Men, What Makes Men Happy, Making Men Happy, Healthy Men, Avoiding Depression, HUNT Study Norway, Benefits of Art, Benefits of Visiting Museums

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

Fiber and Exercise Decrease Risk

3 Red Meat Increases Colorectal Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research have gathered several years’ worth of published studies and note that there is convincing evidence that red meat, processed meat, and excess body fat – particularly around the abdomen – increase the risk of colorectal cancer. The researchers say that easting 3.5 ounces of red meat every day – which includes beef, lamb and (yes) pork – the risk of colorectal cancer is 17 percent higher than someone who eats no red meat. Processed meat eaten once a day can increase risk by 26 percent. To reduce this risk, the evidence points toward eating more foods that contains dietary fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and beans, and exercising more.

More at Washington Post | Posted 6 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Exercise Reduces Colon Cancer Death, Omega-3's Cut Colon Cancer Risk

Tags: Abdominal Fat, Beef, Colon Cancer, Colon Cancer Risk, Dietary Fiber, Exercise, Fiber, Obesity, Red Meat, Processed Meat, Pork

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (54%) / No! (46%)

Two HCV Drugs in Two Weeks

4 FDA Approves Telaprevir to Treat Hepatitis C

The United States FDA has approved telaprevir (Incivek) to treat hepatitis C. It is joining another hepatitis C drug of the same class, boceprevir (Victrelis) which was approved two weeks ago. Both work by inhibiting viral replication. Incivek has been shown to be more effective than Victrelis when used in combination with the older drugs pegylated interferon and ribiviran. Patients infected with the blood-borne virus were treated with incivek plus the two older drugs for 3 months and after that continued taking the two standard drugs for 36 more weeks. Many of them were cured in six months, 79 percent of whom were never treated before. It also benefited those who relapsed, had a partial response or no response to other treatments. The drug is developed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals.

More at Yahoo! AP | Posted 6 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: New Hepatitis C Drug Cures Patients Faster, Triple Cocktail Shows Promise Against Hepatitis C, New Drug Plus Standard Treatment Improves Outcome, Boceprevir Recommended for FDA Approval, Telaprevir Recommended for FDA Approval, FDA Approves Boceprevir to Treat Hepatitis C

Tags: Boceprevir, FDA, FDA Approval, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis C Cure, Hepatitis C Treatment, Telaprevir, Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Victrelis, Incivek

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (58%) / No! (42%)

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