January 3, 2011

Identify Best Candidates

1 New Tonsillectomy Guidelines to Aid Docs

Tonsillectomy in Children, the first and only national guideline, designed to provide evidence to help doctors determine which children are the best candidates for tonsillectomy, will be published in the January issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. The new guidelines also provide recommendations for care of patients, ages 1 to 18, who are under consideration for the procedure. Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in the US with more than half a million performed on children annually. ‘The tonsillectomy guideline will empower doctors and parents to make the best decisions, resulting in safer surgery and improved quality of life for children who suffer from large or infected tonsils," says journal author Richard M. Rosenfeld, MD, MPH.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Surgeons Guilty of Running Clinic of Horror

Tags: Tonsillectomy, Tonsillectomy in Children, Otolaryngology, Richard M. Rosenfeld

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

Coming to a Town Near You?

2 Flu Season Widespread in Five States

Have you had a flu shot yet? Flu season is well underway, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The current data says that five states reported widespread cases of influenza at the end of December, up from zero reports of the illness mid-month. The states reporting the most cases of influenza are Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Virginia and New York. Health officials estimate that there about 23,600 flu-related deaths annually. The CDC report also states that tests of more than one hundred virus samples show that this season’s flu strains seem to be well-matched to the current flu vaccine.

More at CBSNews.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: One in Three Americans Have Gotten Flu Shot

Tags: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Flu, Flu Shots, Flu Vaccine, Influenza, Flu-Related Deaths

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (49%) / No! (51%)

Saved by Delayed Trash Pickup

3 Trash Saves Man in Suicide Attempt

A pile of uncollected garbage on the street may have saved a man's life after he jumped from the ninth floor of a building located in Midtown Manhattan, reports CNN. As of late Sunday, the man who jumped was still in critical condition in the hospital. Police haven't released his name. New Yorker's have complained over their perceived slow response to snow cleanup and trash collection following a recent blizzard in the area, but the trash still had a useful purpose in this case. The trash was still lying around since New York sanitation officials had decided to focus on plowing snow rather than picking up trash. Sanitation workers are expected to resume some trash collection starting today.

More at CNN | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Suicide Prevention, Trash Saves Man, Failed Suicide Attempt, Midtown Manhattan Track Collection, Saved During Suicide Attempt

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (45%) / No! (55%)

Double Death Risk

4 Depression and Diabetes Make Greater Heart Risk

Women who experience diabetes and depression have an elevated risk of dying from heart disease, as well as an increased risk of dying over a six-year period, claim researchers from Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. The research, published in Archives of General Psychiatry, revealed that women with depression experience a 44 percent increased risk of dying over a six-year period as women not diagnosed with depression. Women with diabetes had a 35 percent increased death risk. Women with both depression and diabetes had double the risk, and a threefold increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Women with diabetes had a 67 percent increased death risk from cardiovascular disease, and women with depression had a 37 percent increased risk.

More at CNN | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Archives of General Psychiatry, Depression Risk, Diabetes Risk, Harvard School of Public Health, Diabetes and Depression Raise Heart Risk, Elevated Risk of Dying from Heart Disease, Women at Risk of Heart Disease, Death Risk from Diabetes

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (51%) / No! (49%)

Talking Back with Vomit

5 Cats Play Sick When Upset

Healthy cats may exhibit sick behaviors like vomiting or refusing to eat when they're upset, finds a new study by Ohio State University researchers. CBS News reports that both the healthy and chronically ill felines involved in the study exhibited a 3.2-fold increase in risk for sickness behaviors when their routines were disrupted. The study, published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, involved two cat groups: one consisting of healthy felines and one with kitties suffering from feline interstitial cystitis (IC). When the cats experienced disruptions, such as a change in caretaker personnel or withdrawal of playtime, both groups responded by acting sick as a way of communicating disapproval.

More at CBS News | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Feline Behavior, Cats Upset, Why Cats Stop Eating, Why Cats Vomit, Understanding Cats, Cats Pretending to Be Sick, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Ohio State University Researchers, Feline Interstitial Cystitis

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (47%) / No! (53%)

OCD: Too Much Disgust

6 Disgust Protects You from Gross Stuff

Disgust may have evolved to protect us from pathogens or "tiny little animals that would eat us up from the inside," says Valerie Curtis of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Curtis is the lead author of a paper on disgust published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. MSNBC reports that Curtis believes we've evolved to stay away from yucky stuff like poo or bodily fluids. We can even learn to be disgusted by new things. Individual reactions to disgusting things can be measured by tests of "disgust sensitivity," which score how grossed out people get by items like rotten meat. Yet, disgust can go too far. For people with obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), disgust sensitivity is taken to an extreme, leading to behaviors like obsessive hand washing.

More at MSNBC | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Ocd Causes, OCD Linked with Disgust, Disgust Sensitivity, Why DIsgust Is Good, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Valerie Curtis, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (53%) / No! (47%)

7 Scans by Age 18

7 Kids at Risk from Too Much Radiation Exposure

An average child may receive more than seven radiation scans by the age of 18, say researchers who are concerned about cancer risk. The first large study to look at the use of CT scans, X-rays and other medical radiation in kids has revealed that 8 percent of children in the study had at least one CT scan, and 3 percent had two or more CT scans. Experts believe that the high levels of radiation used in CT scans may lead to increased cancer risk in children. The most common radiation exposure in children involves X-rays of the chest, hand and foot. Dental X-rays weren't counted in the study. The research, published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, is based on health insurance information from 355,000 children in Arizona, Dallas, parts of Florida and Wisconsin.

More at MSNBC | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Exercise Decreases Colon Cancer Risk

Tags: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, CT Dangers, Radiation in CT Scans, Kids Getting Too Many CT Scans, How Many X-Rays Do Kids Get, Radiation Exposure in Childhood

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (53%) / No! (47%)

Behavioral Changes

8 The Best Weight Loss Tips from the Past 25 Years

Need to lose weight? While most diet books lead you to believe that you must “eat this” or “eat that”, those that are most successful at the battle of the bulge are those who have changed their behaviors about eating and exercising. USAToday nutrition reporter Nanci Hellmich shares 25 of the best tips from the past 25 years which include such sage advice as “Set a realistic goal”, “Monitor portion sizes”, and “Get help from family and friends.” She stresses dieters to keep track of everything that they eat (keep a food diary or journal) because those who do lose twice as much weight as those who don’t. Exercise is also key – those who do moderate physical activity for at least two to four hours a week lose an extra 3 to 5 pounds over the course of a year.

More at USA Today | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Create Small Realistic Goals for New Year's Resolutions, Structured Weight Loss Programs Successful but Costly

Tags: Weight Loss, Weight Loss Help, Weight Reduction

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (47%) / No! (53%)

Detects Single Cancer Cell

9 Blood Test for Cancer Closer to Market

Johnson & Johnson along with Boston scientists who invented a blood test that can detect a single cancer cell are working to bring the test to doctors' offices. It will also be used at four cancer centers who are conducting studies with the test beginning this year. When cancer cells are found in the blood, it is a sign that the cancer has spread. Knowing this allows doctors to get enough of a sample without the pain of a traditional biopsy so they quickly determine what treatment is best for a patient and if a current treatment is working. Dr. Daniel Haber, chief of Massachusetts General Hospital's cancer center and co-inventor of the test refers to it as “. . .a liquid biopsy.” The blood is spread on a microchip designed to make cancer cells stick and glow with a certain stain.

More at Yahoo! AP | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Blood Tests May Predict Prostate Cancer Risk

Tags: Cancer, Johnson and Johnson, Massachusetts General Hospital, Screening for Cancer, Blood Test for Cancer

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (51%) / No! (49%)

Conducting Similar Trial in Kids

10 Stem Cells Used in Older People with Vision Loss

The Food and Drug Administration has given Massachusetts-based biotech company Advanced Cell Technology the ok to begin a trial to use embryonic stem cells in older people with dry age-related macular degeneration (dry AMD) which causes irreversible vision loss. Last year they started a trial in patients with Stargardt's disease, a form of vision loss that occurs in kids. Their animal trials did not reveal any side effects and this first human clinical trial is going to determine if the stem cells are safe in humans. It is hope that the study will begin in a couple of months with 12 patients throughout the U.S. using retinal pigmented epithelial cells (RPE) that are destroyed in macular degeneration. Dry AMD is the most common form of AMD and gets progressively worse compared to wet AMD.

More at Yahoo! AFP | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: New Embryonic Stem Cell Study Approved

Tags: Food and Drug Administration, Advanced Cell Technology, Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration, AMD, Retinal Pigmented Epithelial Cells, Vision Loss in Older People, Human Clinical Trials, Stargardt's Disease

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (43%) / No! (57%)

Greater Than Two-Thirds

11 Chickenpox Vaccine Reduces Hospitalizations

Hospitalizations due serious complications from chicken pox have dropped by more than two thirds since vaccination became routine starting in 1995 according to a government study. Most cases involved the symptoms those of us who had it as kids remember; itchy rash, fever, headache and fatigue but some people can go onto develop complications such as skin infections, vomiting, pneumonia and encephalitis. Between 1988 and 1995 0.4 per 10,000 were sent to the hospital due to more serious problems compared to 0.1 per 10,000 from 2000 to 2006, resulting in a 71 percent reduction. That is estimated to be about 50,000 less people hospitalized during the latter time period. People need two doses of the vaccine and while serious side effects have been reported, they appear to be very rare.

More at Yahoo! Reuters | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Rates of Adult Vaccinations Below Recommendations

Tags: Chickenpox, Chickenpox Vaccine, Routine Vaccinations for Children, Serious Complications of Chickenpox, Childhood Vaccinations

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (53%) / No! (47%)

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