August 31, 2010

As a Condition for Employment

1 Mandatory Flu Shots for All Medical Workers?

"It is a good ideal for healthcare workers to get vaccines, but there is never enough"
- Chasity Myers in the comments

In a paper released by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), medical experts say that health care workers should receive mandatory flu vaccines to ensure patient safety. They emphasize that flu vaccinations be a condition of employment for all healthcare workers regardless of whether or not they have direct patient contact. In fact, they write, the only exemption should be due to medical contraindications. "Vaccination of healthcare personnel saves patients' lives and reduces illness. It also protects the individual worker from falling ill during influenza outbreaks and from missing work, which further impacts patient care,” says IDSA President Dr. Richard Whitley.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Two Flu Shots May Protect Against All Strains

Tags: Flu Vaccine, Infectious Disease, Influenza, Patient Safety, Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Dr. Richard Whitley, Health Care Workers

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (45%) / No! (55%)

Especially for Smokers

2 Eating Vegetables May Reduce Lung Cancer Risk

Quitting smoking is the only proven way to reduce one’s cancer risk, but a diet rich in various fruits and vegetables may also reduce the risk of lung cancer, especially in smokers, finds a study. "Although quitting smoking is the most important preventive action in reducing lung cancer risk, consuming a mix of different types of fruit and vegetables may also reduce risk, independent of the amount, especially among smokers," said Dr. H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, The National Inst. for Public Health and the Environment, Netherlands. He added, "Fruits and vegetables contain many different bioactive compounds, and it makes sense to assume that it is important that you not only eat the recommended amounts, but also consume a rich mix of these bioactive compounds by consuming a large variety."

More at ScienceDaily.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Tags: Cancer, Diet, Fruits, Lung Cancer, Vegetables, Reduce Cancer Risk, Dr. H. Bas Bueno-De-Mesquita, The National Inst. for Public Health and the Environment, Bioactive Compounds

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

Give a Lady a Chance

3 Reasons for Increasing Caesareans

Almost one in three births in the U.S. is by Caesarean section, and researchers blame increased use of labor-inducing drugs, giving up on labor too soon and failure to allow women with previous Caesareans to try vaginal birth, reports New York Times. A new study by the Consortium on Safe Labor found that a third of first-time moms are having Caesareans. Almost 1.4 million Caesareans were performed in 2007. Experts are concerned since Caesareans carry greater risk for both mother and child. Risks include surgical complications and the increased likelihood that the infant may end up in intensive care. There's also a greater threat the mother may have to return to the hospital or experience a dangerous abnormality in later pregnancies.

More at New York Times | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: The Dangers of Obesity During Pregnancy

Tags: Consortium on Safe Labor, Surgical Complications, Labor-Inducing Drugs, Caesarean Risk, Reasons for Caesarean, Complications in Caesarean, Risks of Caesarean Sections, Repeat Caesarean, Giving Up on Labor Too Soon, Vaginal Birth After Caesarean

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (50%) / No! (50%)

Fatty Food Bad Even for Slim

4 High Fat Diet in Puberty Linked to Breast Cancer

Girls who consume a high-fat diet during puberty are putting themselves at greater risk of breast cancer later in life, even if they're not obese or overweight, say researchers from Michigan State University. The finding that a high fat diet is bad even for teen girls who aren't overweight could drive new cancer prevention efforts. Inflammatory changes that occur during puberty can have effects that last a lifetime. "The pubertal time period is crucial, as this is when the basic framework is created for mammary gland development," says Sandra Haslam, director of MSU's Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Center. Haslam also notes that animal studies have shown that a high-fat diet during puberty may cause inflammation in mammary glands of adults.

More at EureakAlert | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer Research, Cancer Prevention, Environment Research Center, Michigan State University, Preventing Breast Cancer, Importance of Diet, Diet of Teen Girls

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

Ovary-Free Living Smart for Some

5 Ovary Removal Prolongs Life

High-risk women benefit from ovary removal with a prolonged life and prevention of some cancers, says MSNBC. New research on high-risk, but cancer-free women shows that the operation could offer the triple benefit of a longer life and freedom from both ovarian cancer and breast cancer. The research, published in Journal of the American Medical Association, shows that women with two different BRCA gene variants benefit from ovary removal, whether they had breast cancer in the past or not. The study followed 2,500 women with BRCA mutations in four countries. Eleven percent of women who had ovaries removed developed breast cancer, compared with 19 percent of women who kept ovaries. Three percent of the women without ovaries died, compared to 10 percent death rate of women with their ovaries.

More at MSNBC | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Vitamin D and Ovarian Cancer

Tags: Journal of the American Medical Association, Prevention of Ovarian Cancer, Prevention of Breast Cancer, Ovary Removal Benefits, Ovary Removal Prolonged Life, High Risk Women Remove Ovaries, High-Risk Women, BRCA Gene Variants

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (51%) / No! (49%)

No Need to Offend

6 Milk Is Cure for Garlic Breath

You can still get the health benefits of garlic, but without the stinky breath by drinking some milk, suggest researchers from Ohio State University. Garlic is said to have protective powers against cancer and ailments like urinary tract infections and colds, but some people may avoid it due to bad breath. CNN reports that researchers discovered that both fat-free and whole milk reduced the concentration of the chemicals responsible for the strong scent in garlic. Your best bet for avoiding stinky garlic breath is to add milk with garlic before ingesting, say researchers. Whole milk works best. The cure or prevention is effective because of the water and fat content in milk. The findings are published in Journal of Food Science.

More at CNN | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Papa John's Calorie Counter

Tags: Ohio State University, Journal of Food Science, Avoiding Stinky Garlic Breath, Urinary Tract Infections, Prevent Cancer, Why Eat Garlic, Preventing Garlic Breath, Treating Garlic Breath, Fat-Free Milk, Whole Milk

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (53%) / No! (47%)

Stay in Bed, Away from Donuts

7 Teens: Sleeping Less Equals More Fatty Foods

Teens who sleep less than eight hours a weeknight tend to consume more snacks and fatty foods, say researchers writing in the journal Sleep. According to the senior author of the study, Susan Redline, the increase in fat consumption by short sleepers could contribute to increased risk for obesity and cardiovascular disease. Small changes in eating patterns may cumulatively alter the body's energy balance, particularly in girls. Researchers found that teens sleeping less than eight hours on weeknights consumed 2.2 percent additional calories from fats, as well as 3.0 percent fewer calories from carbohydrates compared with teens sleeping eight hours or more. Researchers also found that each one-hour increase in sleep lessened the odds of eating more calories from snacks by about 21 percent.

More at EureakAlert | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Butter Calorie Counter

Tags: Calories from Fat, Dangers of Not Sleeping Enough, How Teen Sleep Patterns Affect Weight, Journal Sleep, Short Sleep Duration, Obesity Risk, Eating Patterns, Why You Snack

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (44%) / No! (56%)

Overdosing on Liquid Meds

8 Many Parents Make Medicine Dosing Errors

Many parents aren't so skilled at giving the correct dosages of liquid medicine to their children, say researchers from the University of Sydney. BBC reports on the medicine dosing study that involved 97 adults (mothers, fathers and day care workers). Researchers found that 61 percent of adults in the study measured an incorrect dose, 17 percent measured an overdose, and 44 percent didn't give enough. Using household spoons to measure liquid medicine could lead to a dangerous overdose, warn researchers. Researchers also found that seven percent of study participants would give an over-the-counter medicine without first checking temperature. In all, only 14 percent of participants made proper decisions in the study scenarios presented.

More at BBC | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Medicine Dosing, University of Sydney, Dosing Errors, Overdosing OTC Drugs, Giving Kids Too Much Medicine, Dangers of OTC Meds, Proper Dosing of Children's Medicine, How to Measure Liquid Medicine

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (42%) / No! (58%)

Spontaneous Combustion of Plants

9 Dead Plants Can Be Fire Hazard

Dead plants sitting around in plastic pots can spontaneously combust! That's what happened at a house in Arkansas. Yahoo News reports that the fire, which started on a porch, caused $20,000 in damages to the home, including damage to vinyl siding. Homeowner Brian Duncan is spreading the word about the possibility of dead plants catching on fire. The pot that caused the fire contained decomposing flowers and potting soil from the summer of 2009. Apparently, conditions were just right when the pot ignited, charring a hole in the porch and falling to the ground several feet below. The letter from State Farm Insurance Co. said that the cause of the fire was "self-heating through decomposition of organic materials."

More at Yahoo! News | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Fire in Mouth

Tags: Spontaneously Combust, Spontaneous Combustion, Dead Plant Fire Hazard, Weird Fire Hazards, Plants Catch on Fire, State Farm Insurance, Brian Duncan

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (52%) / No! (48%)

DHA Promotes Fatigue Resistance

10 Fish Oil Supplements Support Muscle Recovery

According to a new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, supplementation with fish oil may improve skeletal muscle function and recovery. Australian researchers fed male rats a diet rich in either saturated fat, linoleic acid, or omega-3 fatty acids for eight weeks and measured muscle contraction in the hind limbs. The animals fed the DHA enriched diet maintained greater twitch tension during contractions, recovered better during rest, and had a significantly higher oxygen efficiency index. The increase of oxygen consumption in the muscles promotes resistance to muscle fatigue. The researchers note that fish oil modulates fatty acid composition changes that are linked to enhanced mechanical performance of the heart muscle as well.

More at Natural Products Insider | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Omega 3 Margarines Do Not Prevent Repeat Heart Attack

Tags: DHA, Exercise, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (44%) / No! (56%)

Makes Mice Leaner and Stronger

11 Scientists Discover New Anti-Obesity Protein

Scientists from the Maine Medical Center have discovered a new protein called “Sprouty” that is responsible for regulating body fat and bone mass. The researchers manipulated the expression of the protein in mice that were bred to have some human genes. They found that when more of the protein was expressed, the animals became leaner and stronger and bone density increased. Mice that were altered to have the Sprouty gene deleted had more body fat and a loss of bone similar to osteoporosis. The research, published in the September 2010 print issue of the FASEB Journal, suggests that the protein could be a therapeutic target for patients with obesity or osteoporosis. “Our study provides insight into the regulation of bone mass and fat mass,” said co-author Lucy Liaw PhD.

More at EurekAlert | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Weight Loss Supplements Don't Work

Tags: Fat Loss, Osteoporosis, Weight Loss, Weight Loss Drugs, Bone Density

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (50%) / No! (50%)

FDA Wants to Stop Robotripping

12 Cough Medicine Could End Up Behind the Counter

"Teens will still find a way to get it"
- Brea Brazuk in the comments

The Food and Drug Administration is trying to figure out how to regulate cough medicine like Robitussin and Nyquil because they are being abused. Dextromethorphan, an ingredient found in over 100 cough medicines available over the counter, can have euphoric effects. “Robotripping,” in which people take 25 times the dose that is recommended to get high is a practice done mostly among teens. As these doses, people can experience hypertension, an increased heart rate and fever and they can suffer from side effects due to the presence of other drugs in the medicine. Approximately 8000 ER visits in 2008 were the result of abusing cough medicines, up 70 percent from 2004. Two ideas being proposed is to put it behind the counter and not allowing the sale of cough medicines to people under 18.

More at Yahoo! AP | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: One in Four Do Not Cover Mouth When Sneezing

Tags: Food and Drug Administration, Cough Medicine, Cough Suppressant, Dextromethorphan, Robotripping

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

The Seasons of Disease

13 MS Activity Linked to Spring and Summer

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s hospital in Boston found that from March to August, brain lesions associated with multiple sclerosis are two to three times higher than during the rest of the year. Forty-four patients who had MS and were not being treated for had eight brain scans a week, then eight every other week and then monthly check up for six months over a two-year period. Weather information such as daily temperature, solar radiation and precipitation levels were also gathered. Thirty-one patients developed a total of 310 new lesions during the course of the study. Study author Dominik Meier also noted that, "Not only were more lesions found during the spring and summer seasons, our study also found that warmer temperatures and solar radiation were linked to disease activity."

More at Yahoo! AFP | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Hope for Multiple Sclerosis Patients

Tags: Multiple Sclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis Brain Lesions, Multiple Sclerosis in Spring and Summer

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (54%) / No! (46%)

40 Weeks Is Ideal

14 Cerebral Palsy Risk Up in Early and Late Births

A study involving almost 1.7 million children in Norway suggests that being born early or late slightly increases the risk of cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy includes several disorders that affect the brain and nervous system and believed to result due to an injury in utero or as an infant. Kids born from 1967 to 2001 at 37 to 44 weeks were studied. Kids born at 40 weeks had a 1 in 1000 chance of having cerebral palsy, while those born at 37 and 38 weeks had a 2 in 1000 and 1.25 in 1000 chance, respectively. Forty two weeks increased it to 13.6 in 1000 and after 44 weeks the odds were 1.44 in 1000. Researchers think either the brain of newborn’s brain is vulnerable outside the normal gestational period or the biology of cerebral palsy increases the likelihood of an early or late birth.

More at Yahoo! Reuters | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Full-Term Babies Getting Smaller in US

Tags: Cerebral Palsy, Length of Gestation, Full Term Pregnancy, Cerebral Palsy and Gestational Period

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (38%) / No! (62%)

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