July 13, 2010

Even Risking Patient Health

1 Survey Finds That Doctors Protect One Another

Doctors with knowledge of incompetent or impaired associates fail to report them even when patient health is at risk, finds a survey of 1891 US doctors. Lead author Catherine DesRoches, Harvard Medical, said that 1/3 of doctors who knew of a troubled colleague had not reported the physician to authorities. While the American Medical Association says that doctors have an ethical obligation to report colleagues with drug, mental, or alcohol problems, few do - so as not to compromise their co-workers' licenses or careers, says Dr. A. Clark Gaither, who was reported for alcoholism by a colleague. Twenty years later, he thanks the anonymous doctor for “saving my life.” Most states have programs that not only help doctors who need treatment but also advises colleagues on intervention.

More at AOLNews.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Tags: American Medical Association, Incompetent Doctors, Troubled Doctors, Whistle Blowers, Dr. A. Clark Gaither, Harvard Medical School, Catherine DesRoches

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (37%) / No! (63%)

Sleep Apnea and Heart Disease

2 Sleep Apnea Could Increase Heart Disease [Study]

A new study from the American Heart Association has found that individuals with sleep apnea are more likely to suffer heart trouble. Sleep apnea, which causes shallow or stopped breathing while sleeping can lead to extreme fatigue, eventually causing injury to the heart. The study took place over eight years with 4,500 adults, all of whom were 40 years or older. Daniel Gottlieb, study author and associate professor at Boston University's School of Medicine told CNN, "Men with severe obstructive sleep apnea were 58 percent more likely to develop new congestive heart failure over eight years of follow up compared to men without sleep apnea." To fight the effects of Sleep Apnea researchers suggest that a mixture of weight loss through diet and exercise be used to maintain a healthy body.

More at CNN Health | Posted 7 years ago by James Johnson

Previously: Chocolate Lowers BP, Reduces Risk of Heart Disease

Tags: Heart Disease, Sleep Apnea, Body Fatigue

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (37%) / No! (63%)

Young Men, Beware of Your Weight

3 Young Obese Men More Likely to Die Early

Young obese men beware! A Danish study has found that men who are obese by 20-years-old die eight years sooner than non-obese counterparts. The study included 5,000 military conscripts (2,000 who were obese at the start of the study) and participants ranged in age from 20 to 80-years-old. The study found that obesity by the age of 20 increased the risk of death by 10 percent for every point over 25 body mass index points. Esther Zimmermann of Copenhagen University Hospital says "At age 70 years, 70 percent of the men in the comparison group and 50 percent of those in the obese group were still alive and we estimated that from middle-age the obese were likely to die eight years earlier than those in the comparison group." Other top studies have validated these findings in men and women.

More at MSNBC Health | Posted 7 years ago by James Johnson

Previously: Childhood Obesity on the Decline

Tags: Childhood Obesity, Children Health, Obesity

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (42%) / No! (58%)

Having a Big Head Pays Off

4 Big Head May Mean Better Memory

"Wow, that doll has an even bigger head than the Bratz dolls. Even bigger than Mickey Rourke's."
- Ginger in the comments

A new study shows that if you get Alzheimer’s disease, having a big head could help preserve thinking and memory, says MSNBC. Lead study author Dr. Robert Perneczky from the Technical University of Munich in Germany believes that the bigger your head circumference, the more space you have available for brain cells, which means you could have extra neurons waiting around in reserve in case a brain disease strikes. For the research, Perneczky scanned the brains of 270 study participates with Alzheimer’s disease. He also measured skull sizes and tested thinking abilities, and he found that people with larger heads performed better on memory and cognition tests. However, smaller-headed people aren't doomed either. MSNBC points out that Albert Einstein had a smaller than average size head.

More at MSNBC | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Tags: Robert Perneczky, Technical University of Munich, Alzheimers Disease, Head Size Matters, Size of Your Brain, Size of Your Head, Advantages of Having a Big Head, Memory and Cognition Tests

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (46%) / No! (54%)

Gene Affects Mind & Body

5 Gene Linked to Obesity and Dementia Risk

People with a mutation in the FTO gene were at a 58 and 48 percent greater risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia, respectively, according to a study in Sweden looking at over 1,000 people 75 years old and up. This gene has also been associated with an increased body mass index, increased levels of leptin and the risk for developing diabetes, all factors which have been associated with Alzheimer’s. Interestingly, the link between FTO and dementia and FTO and obesity were independent. Dr. Caroline Graff and colleagues said "Our results suggest that the mechanism by which FTO is associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's and dementia may be different from how it increases the risk for obesity." The results of this study will have to be confirmed by studies from other researchers.

More at Yahoo! Health Day | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: Eat Heart Healthy Food for a Healthy Brain

Tags: Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Obesity, FTO

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (45%) / No! (55%)

Artificial Lungs Really Work

6 Functional Lungs Created in the Lab Work in Rats

Artificial lungs created in the lab are providing further insight into the field of regenerative medicine. Researchers in Boston created a scaffold using rat lungs, soaked them in a bioreactor with different human lung cell types and created the pressures present in the thorax so the lungs would work. The lungs worked for six hours once they were transplanted into the rats. A previous study using lung tissue made in the lab allowed rats to breathe for two hours. The idea of being able to regenerate cells into new organs is exciting to the researchers because this could solve the problem of lack of donor lungs. Harald Ott and colleagues said, “As with other organs…the supply of donor lungs is limited. In 2005, only one out of four patients waiting for a lung underwent transplantation."

More at Yahoo! Reuters | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: More Cystic Fibrosis Patients Living to Adulthood

Tags: Lung Disease, Lungs, Lung Transplant, Artificial Lungs, Lung Donor Shortage

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (31%) / No! (69%)

Survive Cancer Shorten Life Span

7 Childhood Cancer Survivors Risk Premature Death

A study of 17,981 childhood cancer survivors in Britain found they are 11 times more likely to die prematurely than the rest of the population, most likely because of the treatment they had as kids. They appear to be at a greater risk of heart attack, stroke or another cancer. A study in the United States found that childhood cancer survivors face cardiac problems for up to 30 years after their treatment. Britain recommends follow up every five years, while the U.S. screens those determined to be at greatest risk more often. Only seven percent died because their original cancer came back. Raoul Reulen, who led the study, said "These findings confirm the importance of very long-term outcome data and that survivors should be able to access health care programs even decades after treatment."

More at Yahoo! Reuters | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Previously: New Drug Safe in Kids with Brain Tumors

Tags: Cancer, Childhood Cancers, Side Effects of Cancer Treatment, Cancer Treatment

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (33%) / No! (67%)

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