June 25, 2010

To Restore Functionality

1 Doctors Replace Woman’s Thumb with Her Big Toe

After an accident caused Shannon Elliot, 25, to lose her thumb and two fingers, doctors at Stony Brook University suggested toe amputation to restore mobility to her hand. After a successful 11-hour surgery, Elliot is expected to regain full use of her hand within six to nine months. "She'll be able to pinch and grasp with her hand; she'll be able to hold things and pick up her children," said hand surgeon Dr. Jason Ganz. Elliot lost the fingers when she went to see what someone had thrown from a passing car. It turned out to be a firecracker that exploded in her hand, shattering it. Doctors explained that losing a toe has little effect on foot function but losing a thumb can render a hand almost useless. They say the toe will atrophy to about the same size as a thumb in 1 to 3 years.

More at NYDailyNews.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Health News About Amputation

Tags: Amputation, Plastic Surgery, Stony Brook University, Dr. Jason Ganz, Firecracker Accident

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (47%) / No! (53%)

May Be a Factor in Dementia

2 Vitamin D Linked to Improved Cognitive Function

Vitamin D has been linked to improved cognitive function, finds a study funded by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), among others. Cognitive function, measured by how the brain manages and uses information, is a matter of great concern as the US population grows older. Alzheimer’s disease, a devastating illness that impairs cognition, affects about 47 percent of US adults above the age of 85. The study, which involved more than 1000 home care recipients, ages 65 to 99, compared their Vitamin D blood levels to their performances on neuropsychological tests. The 35 percent who had sufficient Vitamin D levels performed better on cognition tests than those who were deficient in Vitamin D.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Cognitive Exercises Don't Prevent Alzheimer's

Tags: Alzheimer's Disease, National Institutes of Health, Seniors, Vitamin D, Vitamin D Deficiency, Cognitive Function, Agricultural Research Service, Home Care

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

What Is Impact on Human Health?

3 Oil Spill May Have Deeper Effect Than Thought

Cancer causing agents are present in diesel fumes. Just what is in the tar balls being produced by the Gulf of Mexico oil spill - and how will they impact the long-range health of humans and wildlife? Scientists don’t know yet but Professor Bongsup Cho, U of RI, who studies environmental poisons, says toxins in tar balls can cause DNA to mutate resulting in birth defects and cancers. “You have to wonder about the fate of the crude oil that has not come ashore ... and what long term effects such toxins will have on the food chain," Cho said. "The pollutants from these toxins are going to be there for a long time." Crude oil contains thousands of chemicals and, he added, “we have studied only a few, so the big worry is the unknown activity of those chemicals we have not studied.”

More at ScienceDaily.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Children, Moms at Greatest Risk from Oil Spill

Tags: Birth Defects, DNA, Gulf Oil Spill, Mutations, Toxins, Cancer-Causing Toxins, Environmental Toxins, Professor Bongsup Cho, University of Rhode Island, Impact on Humans and Wildlife

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (52%) / No! (48%)

Off-Flavor and Smell

4 Kellogg Recalls 28 Million Boxes of Cereal

Today, Kellogg, working with the US Food and Drug Administration voluntarily recalled certain breakfast cereals due to an off-flavor and smell emanating from the package liner. Products with the letters “KN” following the Use By Date are included in the recall and include: Apple Jacks, Corn Pops, Froot Loops and Honey Smacks. Experts say that while the risk of serious health problems from eating the cereal is low, certain sensitive individuals may suffer temporary effects such as nausea and diarrhea. David Mackay, president and ceo, issued an apology and assured customers that the recalled boxes will be removed from store shelves as soon as possible. Anyone with questions should call the Kellogg Consumer Response Center at 888-801-4163 from 8 am to 8 pm, Eastern time.

More at Yahoo.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Tags: Diarrhea, Nausea, Kellogg Company, Froot Loops, US Food and Drug Administration, Apple Jacks, Corn Pops, Honey Smacks, David MacKay

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (50%) / No! (50%)

Spain, Italy Have Our Kids Beat

5 American Kids Aren’t Fattest in the World

"Because of food marketing we have a pandemic of diabesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol"
- CLEAVES M. BENNETT MD in the comments

Childhood obesity is a huge problem in the US with 41 percent of children, ages 5 to 13, being overweight or obese, according to a study conducted by Datamonitor. But, in a comparison of 19 mostly industrialized countries, the US ranks third for childhood obesity, surpassed by Spain and Italy where 44 and 45 percent of children, respectively, have a weight problem. US childhood obesity rates are projected to rise at a rate of 1.3 percent between now and 2010. That is considerably lower than China, where childhood obesity is expected to grow at a rate of 9 percent per year; or Japan where the rate of growth is projected at 8 percent. Said Joe Dixon of Datamonitor in an interview with CBS News, "There's a widespread perception that childhood obesity is only a U.S. problem. It’s not."

More at CBSNews.com | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Tags: Childhood Obesity, Childhood Obesity Rates, Datamonitor, Joe Dixon, China, Italy, Spain, Japan

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

Heavy Metals Bad for Health

6 Contaminants Increasingly Affecting Seafood

Scientists studying sperm whales have found that even the most remote reaches of the Earth’s oceans are contaminated with high levels of toxic metals that not only endanger marine life, but can affect the heath of millions of people who eat seafood. A report from the Ocean Alliance found that whales have high levels of cadmium, aluminum, chromium, lead, silver, mercury and titanium. It not possible to say whether any of the whales suffered diseases, but the concentration of chromium was several times higher than the level required to kill healthy cells in a Petri dish. The contaminants are produced by humans sometimes more than thousands of miles away, says the conservation group, putting our entire seafood supply at risk.

More at Yahoo News | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Health Risks from Oil Spill in the Gulf

Tags: Mercury, Seafood, Seafood Consumption, Seafood Risks, Chromium, Cadmium

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (49%) / No! (51%)

Six Million Dollar Kitty

7 British Cat Gets Bionic Paws

Oscar the cat was in a farming accident last October that caused the loss of his two rear paws. Today, thanks to neuro-orthopedic surgeon Noel Fitzpatrick, Oscar has two metal prosthetic paws that were fused to his bone and skin, allowing him an effectively normal gait. “He can run and jump as cats should do,” says Dr. Fitzpatrick. Peg-like implants costing almost $3,000 were drilled into the cat’s ankle bones and attached to the bone where he lost his paws. These were coated with a substance that allows cells to grow directly over them so that Oscar’s own skin could form a natural seal to prevent infections. Dr. Fitzpatrick hopes that his work can be used to further the technology used to develop artificial limbs in humans.

More at NPR | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Increasing Number of ER Visits Due to Tripping over Pets

Tags: Cats, Pets, Cat Health, Pet Health, Prosthetics

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

Cow’s Milk for the Very Young

8 Giving Newborns Cow's Milk May Prevent Allergies

Milk given to babies before two weeks of age may prevent them from developing the most common and most dangerous dairy allergy later on. After two weeks, infants are 19 times more likely to develop an allergy. Of the 13,000 infants tested for milk allergy, 66, or 0.5 percent, tested positive. Pediatricians usually warn against giving milk to infants so young because they have problems digesting the sugar. Dr. Kari Nadeau of Stanford University said, "It's nice to know that if you do give small amounts of cow's milk to children at an early age...could help prevent their immune system from later viewing this milk protein as a foreign substance and reacting unnaturally to it." Lead researcher Dr. Yitzhak Katz recommends that cow’s milk be given to infants in addition to breastfeeding.

More at Yahoo! Reuters | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Tags: Milk, Cow’s, Milk Allergy, Dairy Allergy

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (50%) / No! (50%)

New Drug Complements Old Drugs

9 New Type 2 Diabetes Drug Used As Add-on Therapy

Dapagliflozin helps type 2 diabetics already on other drugs further control blood sugar levels. A study involving 543 patients on metformin showed that those who received the highest dose, 10mg/day, had the lowest blood glucose levels and lost the most weight compared to those receiving 2.5 mg/day, 5 mg/day or placebo. It works by stimulating the kidneys in to eliminate glucose which leaves through the urine. It can be given at any point in the disease, does not have the side effects of other drugs and is a good add-on if the current drug doesn't quite get glucose levels to where they need to be. One major side effect is yeast infections of the urinary tract because glucose feeds yeast. The drug was developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb and AstraZeneca, and both also funded the study.

More at Yahoo! Health Day | Posted 7 years ago by Kristie Hayes

Tags: Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Dapagliflozin, Glucose Levels

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (52%) / No! (48%)

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