June 21, 2010

Helps Treat Hot Flashes

1 Estrogen Alternative for Menopause Symptoms

Oral micronized progesterone relieves menopause symptoms as effectively as estrogen replacement without side effects, finds a new study. Hot flashes and night sweats are experienced by most women during menopause. About five to 10 percent of women are highly symptomatic and experience sleep disturbances, fatigue and a lower quality of life. The new progesterone therapy, sold under the brand name Prometrium in the US and Canada, is available only by prescription and is manufactured from a steroid found in yams. Says Dr. Jerilynn Prior, presenting author of the study, “Women improve very quickly on oral micronized progesterone. The improvement is apparent within the first 4 weeks." The study is being presented this week at The Endocrine Society's Annual Meeting in San Diego.

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Previously: Postpartum Depression Not Only Due to Estrogen Loss

Tags: Estrogen, Fatigue, Menopause, Oral Micronized Progesterone, Hormone Replacement, Hot Flashes, Night Sweats, Sleep Disturbances, Quality of Life, Dr. Jerilynn Prior, The Endocrine Society

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (45%) / No! (55%)

More Effective Than Low Fat Diet

2 Insulin Resistant? Cut Carbs to Lose Weight

Insulin resistant, obese women who cut carbs from their diet had more success with weight loss than those who ate a low fat diet with the same amount of calories, research finds. ‘Not all people have the same response to diets,” said lead author Dr. Raymond Plodkowski, U of Nevada School of Medicine.” After 12 weeks of dieting, those who followed a low-fat diet, which consisted of 60 percent of calories from carbs and 20 percent each from fats and protein, lost an average of 21 percent more weight than those who ate a low-carb diet which consisted of 45 percent of calories from fat, 35 percent from unsaturated fats, such as nuts and 20 percent of calories from protein. Plodkowski said that “anyone could follow this diet by making moderate changes as part of a healthy menu.”

More at Eurekalert.org | Posted 7 years ago by Melody Lesser

Tags: Diet, Dieting, Insulin Resistance, Obesity, Protein, Weight Loss, Carbohydrates, Low Fat Diet, Dr. Raymond Plodkowski, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Fats, Best Way to Lose Weight

Read the Comments (2) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (37%) / No! (63%)

Detecting a Deadly Disease

3 FDA Approves More Effective HIV Test

"I have spent 12 hours searching the CDC site and PubMed for documentation of the claim about current test problems, but have found nothing to support it. Where is it documented?"
- Roma Levy in the comments

The FDA today approved a new diagnostic test that detects not only antibodies, but also antigens. Antigens are proteins that are created by a virus, bacteria or other microorganisms directly upon infection, which means the test will be able to detect the disease days earlier than older antibody only tests. The new test, called ARCHITECT HIV Ag/Ab Combo assay was created at Abbott Laboratories and can be used to detect both HIV-1 and HIV-2 in adults, children 2 years and older and pregnant women. The test does not detect what type of HIV is present, but can help lead to other testing if needed. The CDC says traditional tests miss up to 10 percent of infections in "high-risk" populations, while the new test will help more accurately test low to high risk groups.

More at CNN Health | Posted 7 years ago by James Johnson

Previously: End of Smallpox Vaccine May Have Helped Spread HIV

Tags: HIV, HIV Testing, Disease Test

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (37%) / No! (63%)

Obese Happier After Surgery

4 Lap Band Surgery Improves Mental Health

Weight loss surgery with laparoscopic gastric banding may improve mental health, as well as physical health of obese patients, say researchers presenting study findings today at The Endocrine Society's 92nd Annual Meeting in San Diego. Study participants, four men and 21 women, completed psychological testing prior to lap band surgery, plus six and 12 months after surgery. The patients' psychological test scores improved significantly six months and 12 months after surgery. Patients showed reductions in general anxiety, depression and social anxiety. "These results provide evidence one year after gastric banding that psychological health improves in parallel with physiological health," says study co-author Andrew Johnson, MD, of Southmead Hospital in Bristol, U.K.

More at EureakAlert | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Los Angeles Invaded by Lap-Band Billboards

Tags: Depression, Weight Loss Surgery, Laparoscopic Gastric Banding, Improved Mental Health in Obese, Lap Band Surgery Improves Mental Health, Advantages of Lap Band Surgery, Outcomes Lapband Surgery, Results Lap Band Surgery, General Anxiety, Psychological Testing

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (48%) / No! (52%)

Scary Hospital Stay for Some

5 Hospital Delirium Affecting Elderly

A growing number of elderly patients are experiencing delirium while staying in the hospital, says New York Times. Otherwise clearheaded patients may experience terrifying delirium for hours after waking up from surgery, during a procedure like catheter insertion, or while suffering from pneumonia or infection. New York Times reports that hospital delirium disproportionately affects older people, with around one-third of patients over 70 affected. According to the American Geriatrics Society, a larger percentage of intensive care or post-surgical patients suffer from hospital delirium.

More at New York Times | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Cookie Dough Delirium

Tags: Hospital Delirium, Elderly Patients, Intensive Care Patients, Postsurgical Patients, Acting Crazy in Hospital

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (42%) / No! (58%)

Condom Only Removed by Doctor

6 New Condom Fights Rape in South Africa

"In the U.S. most women would rather stop the rape before the penis is in the vagina"
- Chris in the comments

A new condom, developed for use by women in South Africa, fights rape by attaching to a man's penis and not letting go. According to CNN, South African Dr. Sonnet Ehlers was inspired to make the condom a reality after helping a rape victim 40 years ago who said, "If only I had teeth down there." The new latex condom, which can be worn when a woman thinks she may be in a situation where rape is likely, is inserted like a tampon. The big difference though is that the condom features "jagged rows of teeth-like hooks." The hooks that line the inside of the condom attach to a man's penis during penetration and can only be removed by a doctor. The hope is that men who get hooked will also be arrested. While the condom doesn't break the skin, it does prevent a man from walking or urinating.

More at CNN | Posted 7 years ago by Peggy Rowland

Previously: Vancouver Distributing 100,000 Condoms

Tags: Condom with Teeth, Rape Problem in South Africa, Condom Fights Rape, Condom Proof of Rape, Rape Crisis in South Africa, Dr. Sonnet Ehlers

Read the Comments (5) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (32%) / No! (68%)

Still More Research Needed

7 Schizophrenia Signs Found in Brains of Baby Boys

Although schizophrenia is thought to be an inherited disease, most cases of the mental illness are not diagnosed until adolescence or early adulthood when the disease has progressed to a point difficult to treat. However, a new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Columbia University in New York has discovered that brain abnormalities are detectable in infants only a few weeks old. In a paper published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, lead study author John H. Gilmore MD and colleagues used ultrasound and MRI to examine brain development in 26 babies that were born to mothers with schizophrenia. In the boys, they found that high-risk babies had larger brains and larger fluid-filled spaces that could possibly be an early marker for future mental illness.

More at EurkeAlert | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Creativity and Mental Illness Found to Be LInked

Tags: Brain Development, Mental Illness, Schizophrenia

Read the Comments (1) | Was this Interesting? Yes! (38%) / No! (62%)

Blood Sugar Issues More Severe

8 Diabetics Do Not Heed Dangers of Hot Weather

A survey of 152 patients from a Phoenix diabetes clinic presented this week at The Endocrine Society’s 92nd annual meeting found that one in five diabetic individuals who live in hot climates have important gaps in their awareness of proper diabetes self-care in hot weather or that diabetes raises their risk of heat sickness. People with diabetes have an impaired ability to sweat which predisposes them to heat-related illness and poor glucose control leads to dehydration, said lead researcher Adrienne Nassar MD. Heat can also decrease the effectiveness of diabetic medications and supplies. Past research has shown that people with diabetes have an increased number of ED visits and hospitalizations in summer months due to heat illness.

More at Red Orbit | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: Possible Heat Related Death at Bonnaroo

Tags: Blood Sugar, Diabetes, Heat Related Emergencies, Heat Related Deaths, Heat Illness

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (44%) / No! (56%)

High Fructose Diets Not for Kids

9 Fructose Sugar Makes Maturing Fat Cells Fatter

A laboratory study has found that when fructose sugar is present as children’s fat cells mature, it makes more of these differentiate into visceral (belly) fat and less able to respond to insulin, thus increasing the risk of both heart disease and type 2 diabetes. By measuring biopsies from the precursors to adipocytes of 32 healthy-weight children who had not yet undergone puberty, the researchers found that fructose, present as high-fructose corn syrup in soft drinks and processed foods, had different effects on the maturing fat cells than glucose, or regular table sugar. The results, presented at The Endocrine Society’s 92nd Annual Meeting, indicate that fructose has a greater effect on the risk of cardiometabolic disease in growing children than in mature adults.

More at Red Orbit | Posted 7 years ago by Denise Reynolds

Previously: High Fructose Corn Syrup Prompts Higher Weight Gain

Tags: Childhood Obesity, Children, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Obesity, Fructose, Type 2 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, Insulin Resistance

Comment on This | Was this Interesting? Yes! (44%) / No! (56%)

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