Freud Was Right
Good mothering is critical for the healthy development of children. Unfortunately, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 56 percent of all child abusers are women. The most common form of abuse is psychological. Dr. Philip Muskin of Columbia University says that “Neglect and emotional abuse are every bit as damaging as sexual abuse.” Constant criticism or withholding affection affects academic achievement, social growth, and self-worth, even into adulthood. The most vulnerable years are during infancy and toddlerhood, when mom is the primary nurturer. Learning to move forward from a painful past is difficult, but not impossible. The key is to get social support from others early.